Tag Archives: SDR

GMDSS & Display Launcher: Monitoring seven Channels in parallel

DiplayLauncher_4

GMDSS-Display reading decoded data streams from seven MultiPSK’s instances in parallel, presenting all information neatly in one database.

GMDSS is a system of ship-coast and coast-ship digital communications on six main HF channels. At an average location in Germany, you will receive about 5000 messages altogether during 24 hours.

In the past, I mostly used the excellent and free YaDD software to decode all channels in parallel (yes, YaDD can be opened in multi instances, each one in a separate folder).

During HFDL monitoring, I came across Mike Simpson’s free software Display Launcher which neatly collects now up to 24 different data streams, coming from up to 24 HFDL channels in a clear database format.
Mike’s software also contains a module called “GMDSS-Display” which now works similar in collecting datastream from up to seven GMDSS data streams, decoded by MultiPSK software.

Yes, also MultiPSK can be opened in many instances, each one in a sperate folder. By this way, it accepts e.g. the audio input of seven different GMDSS channels from an SDR via each different VACs, and decodes each of them.
To do so, the decoded data of each MultiSPK instance has to be backed up regularly:
Configuration -> Regular back-up -> 20 sec
Then, decoded data is automatically written into the appropriate QSO.txt file. This, in turn, is read by GMDSS-Display. Of course you first have to set the paths to guide the software to the appropriate sources.

It takes a bit time of setting it all up, but then you may run this combination until a Windows’ update forces the PC to re-boot 😉

With Mike’s development, you have a unique and mighty tool at hand for a 360° view now also in the field of GMDSS – thank you very much!

Please find below the results of a 24 hours’ session on all seven GMDSS HF channels – coast stations only, automatically drawn onto DX Atlas. All stations received in Germany with SDR FDM-S2 and MD300DX, an active vertical Megadipole of just 2 x 2.5 m of stunning performance.

DXAtlas_5

Received coastal stations on all GMDSS channel/HF during 24 hours in Germany world-wide and …

DXAtlas_6

… those with a focus onto Europe.

TDoA Direction Finding: First Experiences on the KiwiSDR Net

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With some iteration, as described in the PDF, the former unknown site of a CIS-12 transmission on 6.465 kHz has been disclosed as the Russian Navy from Baltysk, Kaliningrad.

The stunning direction finding tool on the KiwiSDR net has hit the community. Most people are enthusiastic about the new horizons, some some smart people had opened for free.

A few people, however, reported some disappointment as they couldn’t pinpoint each and every transmitter with expected high precision.

To avoid this disappointment, you have to know what you are doing. The TDoA tool for direction finding indeed delivers automatically stunning results. But you have to think a bit about the setup, and also do some iteration.

I wrapped up my first experiences with TDoA in this PDF. You may simply download it by double-clicking the link, and open it in a PDF reader. It consists of 22 pages and 37 instructive figures. I greatly stressed the practical part of direction finding with this tool – with 13 explicit case studies from 2,6 MHz to 15,6 MHz.

The idea is to have more fun by getting the most reliable results.

SDR Console V3: New and indispensable Software

V3_Dimtsi

“Living Sonagram”: On the right window, you see a part of a 24 h recording at 6,1 MHz bandwidth (ca. 2 TB) with 1 line/second. Tagged is the sign on of Dimtsi Hafash which is received by the undocked “Receive” panel of V3’s GUI. At the bottom: signal strength on 7180 kHz over 24 hours reveals e.g. s/on, s/off and fade in.

Just a small note on a real real big event: Simon Brown, G4ELI, has published V3 of his indispensable SDR Console software on June 18th, 2018 – after three and a half years of heavy coding. Download it here and donate. Or vice versa.

V3 is a quite universal software for most SDRs on the market. For all, it provides the same graphical user interface (GUI) and the same functions (plus those specific to some devices).

All

DXer’s delight: On top the sonagram to visually catch signals (here: JDG from Diego Garcia; tagged). Bottom, from left to right: receive GUI for fine tuning, decoder W-Code showing “JDG”, below this “Playback” panel for controlling the recording (back/forward, e.g.), and on the right a database.

There are many unique functions and modules which will take DXing with SDRs to the next step. For now, let me mention just two of them:

  • 24 parallel demodulators within the SDR’s bandwidth – fully independent in e.g. mode, bandwidth and AGC to receive, record and decode 24 signals/channels in parallel.
  • a sophisticated File Analyser  which presents a recorded band as “living sonagram” – whre you see and click to a signal which then is played via the basic GUI
6pane

Up to six parallel demodulators can be seen on the main screen (from up to 24 possible).

 

1520

1520 kHz from 18:00 to 05:00 UTC (local SR/SS: 19:43/02:58 UTC) with 100 Hz bandwidth and 0,0031 Hz resolution (= +65 dB over 10 kHz!) reveals at least 27 stations and their offsets.

Each of these just two features mentioned will open new worlds for DXing and even serious professional monitoring. I will be happy to come back to some applications of V3 in more detail.

Thank you very much, Simon, for providing this excellent tool for free!

4800

4’800 kHz: First CNR1 with sign on at 20:15 UTC and fade out, then AIR Hyderabad with the same, but s/on around 00:06 UTC.

 

7435kHz

You may export levels over time on one frequency or level over frequencies at a given time. This graph visualizes the activity on 7435 kHz with 86’400 levels (on per second over 24 h). The data had been exported to QtiPlot for further investigation.

Einführung SDR: Kompakt, praxisnah, verständlich

Wer eine konzentrierte, praxisnahe und verständliche Einführung in die Technik Software-definierter Empfänger (SDR) sucht, der findet alles dazu in einem 28-seitigen und deutschsprachigen PDF von Hayati Ayguen.

Nach der spannenden Lektüre kennt man die Chancen ebenso wie die Grenzen von SDRs, kann die Prospektdaten und vollmundigen Werbeversprechen vor allem der großen Hersteller von Amateurfunkgeräten besser einordnen und lernt somit auch die Leistung sowie den Funktionsumfang der Produkte kleinerer Hersteller noch stärker schätzen.

Einen ersten Überblick bietet Hayati auch auf Folien.

SDR-Netz des DARC e.V.: Rauschende Ergebnisse

R2T2_Braunschweig_ANT1

Einfach vergleichen: Oben CHU 14.670 kHz an einem Remote-Standort des DARC e.V., unten zur selben Zeit an einem durchschnittlichen Standort.

Aus den Mitteln seiner “Mitgliedschaft Pro” bestellte der DARC e.V. im Jahre 2014 sein Web-SDR-Transceivernetz. Es soll seinen Mitgliedern “weltweiten Funkbetrieb aus dem heimischen Shack ermöglichen”. Jeder der über 1.000 DARC-Ortsvereine war aufgerufen, sich als einer der zwölf Standorte zu bewerben. Gesucht waren solche Locations, die vor allem einen störungsarmen Empfang und gute Antennenmöglichkeiten bieten – was der Funkamateur in der Stadt eben nicht hat.

Obwohl die R2T2 genannten Geräte für über 25.000 Euro längst ausgeliefert wurden, ist es bedauerlicherweise merkwürdig still um dieses schöne Projekt geworden; auch die zugehörige Yahoo-Newsgroup scheint nicht mehr ansprechbar zu sein.

Wie also ist der von außen (ich bin kein Mitglied des DARC e.V., begrüße aber dieses Vorhaben uneingeschränkt!) sichtbare Stand des Projektes?

Um das zu erkunden, habe ich am 20.12.2017 alle verfügbaren Remote-Standorte (sechs, und die auch lediglich empfangsseitg ansprechbar) mit dem Empfang “im heimischen Shack” – leider einer ziemlich durchschnittlichen Location – verglichen.

Die ersten Ergebnisse habe ich in einem PDF zusammengefasst, das ihr hier unter R2T2 herunterladen könnt.

Diese Versuche wurden zur Vervollständigung des Bildes fortgesetzt – siehe unten. So nahm ich am  21.12. um 07:45 UTC einen Vergleich auf 17.950 kHz vor, wo bei mir der Rundfunksender China Radio International/Kashgar mit einem SNR von gut 31 dB einfiel: bis auf ein sehr schwaches und praktisch unverständliches Signal vom Remote-Standort Wiblishauserhof war auf den anderen Remote-SDRs des DARC so gut wie nichts zu hören, zum Teil wegen (lokaler?) Störungen. Unten der Vergleich meiner Station (unten)  mit dem bayerischen Remote-SDR (oben).

r2t2_Bayern_17950

Vergleich China Radio International, 17.950 kHz: oben der bayerische SDR des DARC-Remote-Netzes, unten dieselbe Station zur selben Zeit am Standort DK8OK.

Einen weiteren Test unternahm ich am 26.12.2017 gegen 12:30 UTC auf 1.521 kHz (CRI/Kashgar, Nähe zum 160-m-Band) und auf 4.800 kHz (China National Radio 1/Golmud). Diesmal erfolgte der Vergleich an einer Aktivantenne (statt der Quadloop)  meinerseits, die bei beiden Stationen eine Empfangsqualität von SIO 253 bot.
In beiden Fällen war das Ergebnis ähnlich: von den sechs verfügbaren Remote-SDRs konnte drei die Stationen überhaupt nicht empfangen. Eine weitere lag knapp über der Hörschwelle, Schöppingen zog fast gleichauf, während Wiblishauserhof in etwa Gleichstand mit meiner Anlage bot – als einzige Station von zwölf bezahlten/geplanten. Für gut drei Jahre Bauzeit und über 25.000 Euro Investment ein Befund mit durchaus Luft nach oben.

Eine Fortsetzung derartiger Vergleiche scheint daher solange sinnlos, wie das DARC-Netz nicht erweitert bzw. Standort/Antennen/SDRs entscheidend geändert werden.

Was hingegen engagierte Hobbyhörer ehrenamtlich und mit allein privatem Geld im Gegensatz zum “Bundesverband für den Amateurfunkdienst” der staatlich geprüften Hobbyfunker zustande bringen, zeigt – ebenfalls mit 14-Bit-SDRs – das leistungsstarke Kiwi-Netz.

Medium Wave: Ex oriente DX

Medium wave saison has started, and am I trying to make the best out of it. Conditions are fascinating different from day to day, and even from minute to minute. With mainly focusing on “East of Suez”, with some other in between, please find some 50+ audio logs below. Click “Read More” button at the end, to expand the list to full length.
I am very much indebted to Christoph, OE2CRM, who with his very special mixture of charme and nuisance more or less forced me to explore a bit more of this frequency range 😉 First of all, I was and still am attracted by his outstanding logs which had been held impossible in Mid-Europe in the last decades.
I am using an Elad FDM-S2 at a wire loop of 20 m circumference with Wellbrook’s Large Aperture Loop Amplifier ALA100LN plus 7th order elliptic low-pass filter (1,5 MHz) by Heros to avoid any spilling over from HF (mainly that of: Radio Romania International); software used V3 from Simon Brown.

BEL3_Fishery_FRS_1143kHz

Part of the QSL from “Fishery Radio Station” (Taiwan Chü Yuyeh Kuangpo Tientai), BEL3, 100 kW, 1143 kHz, received September 25, 2017, 19:00 UTC. 謝謝, Station Manager Jin Mey Ju!

1700 kHz USA-Florida  WJCC Radio Mega in French, Miami Springs, 10 kW, 10-OCT-2017, 02:00 UTC.  Several IDs (e.g. in French) of this multi-cultural broadcaster.

 

1584 kHz G  Punjab Radio, in Hindi/English, London, 2 kW, 15-AUG-2017, 20:00 UTC. ID.

 

1566 kHz KOR  HLAZ FEBC in Korean, Jeju, 250 kW, 26-SEP-2017, 17:00 UTC

 

1566 kHz HOL  Vahon Hindustani Radio in Hindi, Den Haag, 1 kW, 23-AUG-2017, 22:00 UTC. ID in Hindi.

 

1557 kHz TWN  RTI iLoveMusic in Chinese, Kouhu, 300 kW, 20-SEP-2017, 16:55 UTC.

 

1550 kHz ALG  Saharawi Arab Democratic Republic National Radio in Arabic, Tindouf, 50 kW, 27-SEP-2017, 21:01 UTC. ID: “RASD punto [?] info …” & in Arabic

Read more

GRAVES: Reflections out of the blue

A GRAVES reflection from a meteor trail, August 21st, 2017 at 10:51 UTC. Received with FDM-S2 from Elad, a discone antenna and software V3 from Simon Brown

Undoubtly, a Graves is a fine French wine from the Bordeaux region in western France. So it is so surprise that also GRAVES is an extraordinary Radar station. It was built to detect and follow satellites and their debris. They sequentially cover from 90° to 270° azimut in five big sectors A to D, and change from sector to sector each 19,2 seconds. Each of this sector is further divided into 6 segments of 7,5° width, covered for 3,2 seconds each.

They are transmitting on 143,050 MHz. If you are in Europe and tune into 143.049,0 kHz USB, you probably will hear/see some reflections of meteors, airplanes and even spacecraft. The distance between the transmitter and my location is about 630 km, and for their southly directed transmissions, there most of the time is no direct reception.

So, if you tune into 143.049,0 kHz, you will see just a blue spectrogram: noise. If you wait for a while, some signals will appear out of this blue; see screenshot on the top. With Simon Brown’s free software Version 3 you may also take a level diagram in smallest time steps of just 50 milliseconds:

A level diagram of the meteor trail reflection from the spectrogram at the top, visualized qith QtiPlot.

This level diagram shows the big advantage of SDRs, working on the signals on HF level, rather than of audio level as with legacy radios. The latter additionally introduce e.g. noise and phase errors. Of course, you may also listen to this signal:

From this audio, in turn, you may do an audio spectrogram, possibly revealing further details of e.g. of the trilling sound like that from a ricocheting bullet: The Searchers (the 1956’er Western film by John Ford, not the British boy group from 1960 …) on VHF.

Audio spectrogram of the sound, revealing “packets” of sound which result in the trilling audio. At start, these packet show a width of about 42 milliseconds to be reduced to 37 milliseconds.

P.S. If you want to donate: my favourite Graves is from Domaine de Chevalier, blanc …

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