Tag Archives: Broadcast

20 MHz HF: “HackRF One” on Shortwave

world Kopie

The world is full of software-defined radio (SDR), but HackRF One has a rather unique position – thanks to its vast maximum bandwidth of 20 MHz. With an up-converter, this combination covers more than 70 percent of the whole HF range from 3 to 30 MHz. Even better: with proper software you can record and play this enormous band!

However, this stunning bandwidth is achieved by a moderate resolution of 8 bit, resulting in a dynamic range of just nearly 50 dB. Or the half of SDRs like Elad’s FDM-S2.

Anyway. I wanted to know in practice what you can actually do with such a set at a budget price plus mostly free software. The results surprised even me: Properly used, this combination convinced as a quite decent performer on HF! The world map above shows some of the stations received with the set (see insert bottom left) to test its performance.

I laid down my experiences and recommendations for best reception in a paper of 17 multi-media pages full of examples – including 55 screenshots, 21 audio clips and one video. The PDF shows how to optimize reception of broadcast, utility and amateur radio stations. It covers many examples on how to analyze recordings, to decode data transmission with free software plus live decoding of 14 channels in parallel. It also gives some examples of combining HF reception with the internet, e.g. regarding the reception of signals from airplanes (ARINC, HFDL) and vessels (GMDSS).

My experiences really left me enthusiastic about this set.

You may share this enthusiasm and download the PDF of 43 MB here. Save it on your hard disk or USB stick, and open it with a most recent Adobe Reader. Otherwise, the multimedia content will not work.
[Einen deutschsprachigen Test  habe ich als Titelgeschichte in der April- Ausgabe 2017 der Fachzeitschrift  Radio-Kurier – weltweit hören veröffentlicht.]

Multi-Channel Monitoring

Matrix_24_RDS

In recent posts, I already wrote about my experiences with Simon Brown’s software SDR Console V3.0. It matches most SDRs, delivers now up to 24 virtual receivers and is capable to run multi instances, i.e. you may run several SDRs on one PC in parallel.

That’s exactly what I did when I connected three SDRs FDM-S2 to a PC, running 35 different ARINC-635 channels in parallel resulting in 68.000 decoded messages. It worked brillantly.

And there is much more, e.g. recording and playing 24 audio channels from broadcasters throughout 20 MHz (the whole FM band!) with hardware RFHack One.

This paper provides a hands-on and step-by-step guide for some vital monitoring tasks like:

  • using up to three receivers on one antenna and one PC
  • working with multi instances of GUIs
  • working with multi instances of software decoders like PC-HFDL and MultiPSK
  • carefully planning a monitoring session
  • analyzing  the decoded results and apply some basic statistics on 68.000+ messages
  • record and play 24 channels incl. RDS data within a bandwidth of 20 MHz on the FM broadcast band plus on HF with RFHack One (see screenshot on top of this page, “Matrix” mode)
  • … and much more

Elad’s Radio Scale & ILG: 31.000+ entries

ILG UTE

The original software for Elad receivers provides a very useful feature, resembling the old radio scale: it inserts some station data from a list on their proper place in the spectrum – see screenshots above (utility) and below (broadcast).

You may invoke several lists like EiBi and your own memories. These list just must comply to the data standard, Elad had set. You may also set up your own list. If you sepcify a transmission time other than 0000-2400, only the stations active at this time will pop up.

With Bernd Friedewald’s (DK9FI) International Listening Guide there is such as matching list available providing 31.000+ entries of brodcast as well as of utility stations. Bernd is a long-time professional in the field of broadcast monitoring and international consulting in this field. You may also edit this list.

ILG BC

(Disclaimer: I have no commercial relationship with ILG, and bought the data like everyone.)

 

Rundfunkempfang auf Kurzwelle: Eine Einführung

Kleiner Streifzug-1

Nach wie vor sprechen internationale Rundfunksender noch mit einer starken Stimme auf Kurzwelle. Diese Einführung beschreibt auf 33 Seiten und mit 31 instruktiven Abbildungen sowie vielen integrierten Hörbeispielen, wie diese Kommunikation zwischen Sender und Hörer funktioniert. Anders als sonst, wird hier auch die Planung aufseiten der Sender berücksichtigt – und was wir Hörer davon haben.

Schon das opulente Cover (siehe oben; Dank an Christoph Ratzer, OE2CRM!) zeigt, dass in diesem Thema weiterhin jede Menge Musik steckt!

This 33-pager in German has been written as introduction into international broadcasting on shortwave. It covers frequency planning of the transmitters as well many aspects for us listeners. 31 illustrations and many sound example may make it digestible even for people who don’t speak German.

Five Mongolians on Long wave

Mongolia_209_rays_2200

Since I visited Mongolia in 2001, I fell in love with this country. Hence, reception of all their radio stations on long wave caught my double interest. With some help of other listeners, I managed to receive all stations and analyzed their reception. Without any 100 g of Chinggis Khan Vodka, to which I surprisingly bumped into at Sarazul at Warnemünde in late summer 2015 …

Read this paper, to get also some information on how to receive and analyze stations which even might be too weak to hear.

FUNcube Dongle PRO: How to get the most out of it, HF-wise

DynamikFCD_E

FUNcube Dongle PRO is an USB stick, containing a great SDR at a low price of around 200 Euros. It makes a fine choice if you are seeking a serious start into the world of HF & SDRs.

I had much fun in gettingout the most of it regarding the HF bands. My enthusiastic experience resulted in this paper: 16 pages with 43 figures showing how to use this great little SDR in receiving, decoding and analyzing. Many aspects are covered, with broadcast, Amateur Radio and Utility DXing only some of them.

The key success factor in the congested HF bands is shifting the quite limited dynamic range to it’s proper place (see Illustration from the paper on top). This simple technique results in stunning reception of even Decoding delicate digital signals of 2.400 baud out of Tahiti in Germany!

This paper explains in detail on how to get the most out of this receiver.