Monthly Archives: December 2017

Airspy HF+: What you hear, is what you get

 

 

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It has been dubbed “game changer” and indeed, the Airspy HF+ is a completely other animal of software-defined radio, or SDR. Developed by Youssef Touil plus team and produced by ITEAD, it sells for just US-$ 199 right from factory at Shenzhen, China. This is considered the middle class of SDRs, starting with cheap USB sticks under 10 US-$ and scratching the mark of nearly US-$ 5.000 with Winradio’s WR-G39DDC. This one also marks the transition zone from what even an engaged hobbyist allows himself to spend to the truly professional receivers of e.g. Rohde & Schwarz and Plath. To make it clear: You may achieve professional results at each price tag, even from an RTL & its clones, as Carl Laufer’s excellent blog shows almost daily.

The Serious HF-DXers in mind

Airspy HF+ has been developed with the serious HF (shortwave) listener in mind. In this field it sets new standards regarding sensitivity, dynamic range and noise. Its stunning performance is achieved by a revolutionary approach and a careful layout of the hardware, housed in a sturdy metal case.

I don’t want to add another explanation of this concept (my test report will appear in 1Q/2018 in “Funkamateur“) but just offering the pure stuff. Some first twelve audio examples should give you a truly hands-on impression to answer the one and only question: How loud does this animal roar?
Therefore, I compared about 100 often vastly different situations on HF between Elad’s FDM-S2 (US-$ 525) and Airspy HF+. From this collection, I carefully selected some first twelve examples to cover the needs of the casual listener as well as the hard-core DXer.

All audio clips were recorded in parallel with a 20 m quad loop as antenna, feeding a professional 1:2 HF splitter by Heros. Software used was free SDR-Console V3 by Simon Brown – thanks.

Dare to make use of your own understanding

First, you read a description of the case, followed by a recording with FSM-S2 and then by Airspy HF+. Each of both examples has been recorded with exactly the same bandwidth, mode, AGC etc. which had been optimized for that situation. You must listen to these audio clips with headphones to scrutinize the mostly very small differences. Aim you ear towards fading, noise and intelligibility.
This is not a traditional test, where the master of ceremonies masticates the results for you. It’s for the truly demanding DXer, “to make use of your own understanding” (Kant, 1784). Just a hint: weak stations make the difference!

Fasten your Headphones: The Examples

The audio examples are roughly sorted from easy to difficult signals. They were made in the first week of December, 2017.

Radio Sultanate of Oman, Seeb/Oman
15.140 kHz, 100 kW, AM, 5.350 km, 14:10 UTC, strong/free channel, SAM, 10 kHz bandwidth. Keep an ear on noise and slight fading!

 

Xinjiang People Broadcasting Station, ÜrümqiChina
4.500 kHz, 50 kW, AM, 5.500 km, 14:24 UTC, fair to good/free channel, SAM, 9 kHz bandwidth.

 

Bangla Desh Betar, Savar/Bangladesh
4.750 kHz, 100 kW, AM, 7.300 km, 14:29 UTC, fair/free channel, SAM, 9 kHz bandwidth.

 

Xizang People’s Broadcasting Station, “Holy Tibet”, Lhasa/China
6.025 kHz, 100 kW, AM, 6.850 km, 16:00 UTC, fair/strong broadcaster 5 kHz up, ECSS-L, 2,8 kHz.

 

Bangkok VOLMET, Bangkok/Thailand
6.676 kHz, 10 kW, USB, 8.800 km, 16:10 UTC, fair/free channel, USB, 3 kHz bandwidth.

 

Gander VOLMET, Gander/Newfoundland Canada
10.051 kHz, 10 kW [?], USB, 4.400 km, 15:20 UTC, weak to fair at fade-in/free channel, USB, 2,8 kHz bandwidth.

 

Myanma Radio, Yangoon/Myanmar
5.985 kHz, 50 kW, AM, 8.250 km, 01:00 UTC, weak to fair/interference from upper channel, ECSS-L, 5,5 kHz bandwidth.

 

Radio Aparecida, Aparecida/Brazil
6.135 kHz, 10 kW, AM, 9.900 km, 00:30 UTC, fair/free channel, SAM, 3,5 kHz bandwidth.

 

Time Signal Station CHU, Barrhaven/Ontario Canada
3.330 kHz, 3 kW, USB with carrier, 5.900 km, 06:00 UTC, fair/fsome interference from digital station above, USB, 3 kHz bandwidth.

 

Time Signal Station BPM, Shaanxi/China
15.000 kHz, 20 kW, AM, 7.750 km, 09:00 UTC, weak/free channel, SAM, 5 kHz bandwidth. Occasionally echo from mixing short/long path, some CW echo (long path) is running into the next via short path.

 

China Radio International, Ürümqi/China
1.521 kHz, 500 kW, AM, 5.500 km, 13:00 UTC, weak at fade-in/free channel, SAM, 6 kHz bandwidth.

 

Auckland VOLMET, Auckland/New Zealand
6.679 kHz, 5 kW, USB, 25.800 km (long path!), 07:20 UTC, very weak/free channel, USB, 3,6 kHz bandwidth. Here headphones are a must!